埃信华迈(IHS Markit)精选│随着创纪录的复苏步伐,预计全球石油需求将恢复至略低于新冠疫情爆发前的水平,并逐渐趋于平稳

发布时间:2020-08-28  来源:IHSMarkitEnergy

Just Short of Normal: World Oil Demand Expected to Plateau Just Below Pre-COVID Levels Following Record Pace of Recovery

Global oil demand—currently at 89 percent pre-COVID levels and rising—expected to level off at 92-95 percent of demand prior to pandemic

World oil demand has grown at a record pace—by 13 million barrels per day in the last four months—since the bottom of the COVID-induced collapse in April. But that pace of growth is expected to taper off with global crude demand plateauing just below pre-pandemic levels, according to a new analysis by IHS Markit.
Global crude demand surged from May to July with the easing of some COVID-19 restrictions and now rests at 89% of prior year levels--compared to being at 78% in April.
IHS Markit expects demand growth to wane and plateau at 92-95 mbd (or roughly 92-95% of prior year levels) through the first quarter of 2021.
The main cause for the pause is expected to be travel—especially air travel and commuting to work—remaining subdued until COVID-19 is contained and are vaccines widely available.


“The meteoric rise of world oil demand from the lowest lows of the COVID crash is going to come up just short of a full comeback, at least for now. For demand to fully return, travel—especially air travel and commuting to work—needs to get back normal. And that won’t happen until there is containment of the virus and effective vaccines.”


– Jim Burkhard, vice president and head of oil markets, IHS Markit


The number of air flights globally is about 30% below February levels (compared to 78% below in April). But actual jet fuel consumption is still 50% off prior year levels since long-distance flights have not recovered to the extent of shorter ones.
Retail gasoline sales in the United States are also an important signpost. U.S. retail gasoline sales are bigger than total oil demand in any other market except China(此处指中国大陆).
OPIS by IHS Markit tracks U.S. retail gasoline sales each week. Sales improved rapidly from May to early July after falling to 50% prior year levels in April. But sales have hovered at 17-18% below earlier year levels since.
However, the expected plateau of global crude demand does not mean a return to the record levels of oversupply that crashed oil prices—briefly to less than $0 per barrel—in April. Renewed restraint by OPEC+ members and lower U.S. output still point to supply deficits in the second half of 2020.

“Hitting the pause button on demand growth doesn’t mean a return to the supply overhang that cratered prices back in April. OPEC+ members have rediscovered production restraint since then and U.S. output is expected to be lower as well. That means that markets can continue to rebalance, even if a full return to pre-COVID demand levels is put off for the time being.” 


– Jim Burkhard, vice president and head of oil markets, IHS Markit


Key conclusions from the latest assessment on oil markets by Jim Burkhard, vice president and head of oil markets and the IHS Markit Crude Oil Market Service follows. Please feel free to quote from above.




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